Orchids are among the most beautiful and unusual flowers in the world. They have been used for religious ceremonies and decorative purposes for hundreds of years. The climate around Brisbane and the coasts is ideal for growing orchids.

Dendrobium Orchids
Often referred to as “Tree Orchids”, Dendrobiums are not difficult to manage and are best grown in a bushhouse.

Growing Conditions
They require plenty of light, with shade during the hottest part of a bright sunny day. They require plenty of heat and moisture when growing freely, and cooler, drier conditions when growth has finished for the season. This condition is indicated by no production of new leaves at the apex of the plant.

Leaves will fall from the deciduous species, but evergreen species should not receive such extreme treatment either in temperature or lack of moisture. Until flower buds are prominent, continue the resting conditions, only giving water when signs of slight shrivelling are apparent. Orchids do not like direct sunlight as it burns their foliage.

Repotting
As the rhizomes of Dendrobiums grow very slowly, it is not necessary to make much provision of space for future growth. Potting out need only occur when the plant grows over the side of the pot. At this time it may be removed and if necessary, divided. Always have three bulbs - the lead bulb and two bulbs behind it in a clump. If this is not possible, do not divide the plant, just repot it as is into a larger container.

Use Searles Orchid Mix and put charcoal, polystyrene or bark into the bottom of the pot to assist with drainage. Place the plant into the container with the oldest bulbs at the edge of the pot and the new growth in the middle. The plant should be at the top of the mixture, not buried in it. Place a stake into the pot and tie the plant loosely to it for support. The best time to repot is in Spring or after flowering.

Feeding
To promote healthy growth of your Dendrobiums, feed with Searles Flourish Orchid Booster and SeaMax® Fish & Kelp regularly. To boost flowering supplement feeding with Searles Liquid Potash prior to flower bud development.

Pest Control
To control mealy bugs and scale use Searles Pest Gun. Use pellets to control slugs and snails. Fungicide all orchids every 4-6 weeks with Searles Mancozeb. Also be aware of attack from thrips or red spider. A periodic spraying with David Grays Malathion & White Oil spray will act as a deterrent to these pests.
For brilliant results with your Dendrobiums:

• Repot with Searles Orchid Mix - Dendrobium. Check for pests and diseases before repotting.
• Feed with Searles Flourish® Orchid Booster and SeaMax® Fish and Kelp.
• Use Searles Pest Gun® to control mealy bugs and scale and check fungus with Searles Mancozeb. David Grays Malathion & White Oil will deter thrips and red spider.
Happy Gardening with Searles from the Searle family.

Copyright 2008 JC & AT Searle Pty Ltd
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